The West Bengal Traffic Police Branch came into being in the year 2000 bifurcating the erstwhile Traffic and Railways Police in view of the growing needs of traffic management in the State having its HQ at Kolkata.  Presently, the Traffic Police Branch is headed by the DG & IGP, Traffic, West Bengal, assisted by an Addl. Director General of Police, one Inspector General of Police and one Dy. Inspector General of Police.  The West Bengal Traffic Police Branch is responsible for the control and management of traffic in the State excluding the city of Kolkata covered by Kolkata Police Act and Kolkata Suburban Police Act.  Its main functions include patrolling of National and State Highways; enforcement of traffic laws and rules; development of skills and expertise in the matter of traffic related matters; perspective traffic management planning; liaison and coordination with Pollution Control Board (PCB) on vehicular pollution and to advise the District Traffic Branches /Police Commissionerates on the training and development of manpower for traffic management duties. The Superintendents of Police in the Districts have also been designated as Superintendent of Police, Traffic for their respective districts and works under the control of State Traffic Branch in respect of traffic matters.  Similarly, the Traffic Branches of the newly created Police Commissionerates viz. Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate, Barrackpore Police Commissionerate, Howrah Police Commissionerate, Asansol-Durgapur Police Commissionerate and Siliguri Police Commissionerate are also working under the supervision and control of the West Bengal Traffic Branch Hqrs. The Traffic Branches in the Districts as well as the Commissionerates are working under the direct control of the Superintendent of Police/ Commissioner of Police/Dy. Commissioner of Police, Traffic who deploy traffic policemen from their own resources to manage the traffic under their respective jurisdiction.  However, the Traffic Police Hqrs. intervenes and coordinates in important traffic management matter involving diversion and regulation of traffic on the occasions of major festivals like Durga Puja, Kali Puja etc. as well as the movement of the VIPs/VVIPs.
           The Traffic Police Hqrs. also assists the District Police/Commissionerate in all important Motor Accident and Fatal cases and guides the investigations of these cases and sometimes, also takes up the investigation of Fatal Road Accidents involving deaths and injuries in serious cases.  It also issues necessary instructions and circulars on important traffic related matters to the District Traffic Branches/Traffic Branches of Commissionerates.  The Traffic Police Branch Hqrs. is also involved in various programmes of Road Traffic awareness and discipline amongst the road users to ensure their safety on the roads.
          Traffic Branch HQ also sends all the state level and country level statements after compiling the individual data collected from districts/Commissionerates.
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